Test Parameters

Test Parameters

Tests carried out by Laboratories of Textiles Committee

RECOMMENDED (MINIMUM) SIZE OF SAMPLE FOR TESTING

Fibre

250 g

Yarn

30 baby cones, each cone containing  yarn of at least one hank length or 15 baby cones, each containing yarn of at least double hank length

Fabric

1 mtr. X full width or more depending on the number of test parameters.

Made-ups / Ready Made Garments

1 full piece.

Effluents

2 litres.

Dyes / Pigments

10 g (sealed in plastic bags.)

 

1.   PHYSICAL PARAMETERS

FIBRE: Cotton                                                          

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

1.  

Moisture Content

I.R. Oven

250 g

150.00

1-2 days

Electronic Balance

2

Trash Content

Trash Separator

250 g

200.00

1-2 days

3

Fibre Maturity  (NaOH swelling method)

Microscope

250 g

250.00

1-2 days

Projection Microscope

4

HVI Parameters:

High Volume Instrument

250 g

250.00

1- 2 days

Upper half mean length

Uniformity Index

Span length, 2.5 and 50%(mm)

Uniformity ratio

CV% of length

Short fibre %

Colour grade

Bundle tenacity at zero or 3mm gauge (Stelometer test) and elongation at break

Fibre fineness (micronaire) using HVI

 

FIBRE: Wool

 

 

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

1.  

Wool Fibre length

 Fibre Diagram machine

250 g

300.00

2-3 days

2

Fibre fineness (Projection method)

Optical Fibre Diameter Analyzer

(OFDA)

250 g

300.00

1- 2 days

Projection Microscope

3

Fibre strength (single fibre measurement)

Universal Tensile Tester

250 g

1000.00

1- 2 days

4

Percentage medullated fibre content in wool fibre

Microscope

250 g

250.00

1- 2 days

Projection Microscope

5

Moisture content

I.R.Oven

250 g

150.00

1-2 days

Electronic Balance

6

Wool fibre grade

Electronic Balance

250 g/1 metre X Full Width

400.00

1-2 days

Soxhlet Apparatus

Oven

Scouring Unit

 

FIBRE : Man Made

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

1.  

Mean fibre length

Measuring Scale

250 g

500.00

1- 2 days

2

Titre (denier) by cut and weigh method

Electronic Balance

250 g

350.00

1-2 days

Measuring Scale

3

Tensile characteristics of individual fibre and elongation:

Tenacity and elongation at break                (single fibre)

Universal Tensile Tester

250 g

1000.00

1- 2 days

Elastic recovery

500.00

 

Modulus characteristics by Instron

500.00

 

4

Fibre diameter / Linear density

Projection Microscope

250 g

300.00

1- 2 days

5

Structural studies                                               (IR Spectroscopic scan)

FT-IR

250 g

1000.00

1-2 days

 

YARN:  Physical Parameters

 

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

1.  

Lea count with CV%

Autosorter/Electronic Balance

30 baby cones

150.00

1- 2 days

2

Length of yarn / spool

Autosorter/Electronic Balance

10 baby cones

200.00

1- 2 days

3

Friction of yarn (Yarn to solid material) 

Friction tester

30  baby cones

400.00

1-2 days

4

Strength of yarn / Tenacity:

Single thread strength with elongation (%)

Universal Tensile Tester

30 baby cones

350.00

1- 2 days

Rkm/Tenacity

500.00

 

Lea strength with CV%

350.00

Individual values

100.00

 

Loop strength

350.00

 

5

Unevenness (U%) of

Yarn

Evenness Tester

10 baby cones

350.00

1- 2 days

Roving

350.00

Sliver

350.00

Spectrograph or diagram

100.00

Individual values

100.00

Imperfection of yarn

10 baby cones

350.00

Hairiness

100.00

6

Denier of multifilament yarn

Wrap Reel

5 baby cones

200.00

1-2 days

7

Twist per inch including direction of twist:

Single yarn

Electronic Twist Tester

10 baby cones

200.00

1- 2 days

Plied yarn

200.00

Single of plied / cabled yarn

300.00

Twist in filament yarn

200.00

Balance of twist

Manual

 

150.00

8

Moisture content

I.R. Oven

250 g

150.00

1-2 days

Electronic Balance

 

FABRIC: Physical Parameters

 

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

1.  

Dimensional Test:

 

 

 

 

Width and length

Measuring Scale

1 mtr X full width

100.00

1-2 days

Weight per square / linear metre

Electronic Balance

1 mtr X full width

100.00

Template

Measuring Scale

Thickness

Thickness Gauge

150.00

2

Threads Per Unit Length

Pick Glass

1 mtr X full width

100.00

1-2 days

3

Count of yarn:

 As received

Electronic Balance/Measuring Scale

1 mtr X full width

125.00

1- 2 days

 After removal of added matter

-do-

200.00

4

Cover factor

-do-

1 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

5

Strength of yarn removed from fabric (Warp & Weft)

Universal Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

6

Tensile strength of fabric with

At break

Universal Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

At specified load, extra charge

 

100.00

 

7

Seam breaking strength

-do-

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

8

Seam slippage

-do-

1 mtr X full width

500.00

1-2 days

9

Grab test

-do-

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

10

Bonding strength of bonded fabric

-do-

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

11

Permeability

Water cone test

Funnel, measuring cylinder

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

Air (low pressure test)

Air permeability Tester

1 mtr X full width

250.00

2-3 days

Water permeability

Pressure Head Tester

1 mtr X full width

400.00

2-3 days

Water repellency (Spray test)

Spray tester

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

12

Twist per inch of yarn removed from fabric (warp or weft)

 

 

 

 

Resultant

Twist tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

Single yarn

 

300.00

Single of plied / cabled yarn

 

400.00

13

Tear resistance (Elmendorf)

Tearing Tester

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

14

Tearing strength of fabric by tongue (single rip)

Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

15

Crease recovery angle– dry / wet(Per wash extra charges as applicable for laundering)

Crease Recovery meter

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

16

Pilling resistance

·  By Pill Box

Pilling tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

·  By Tumble Pilling tester –        Atlas

400.00

· Up to 1000 rubs (Martindale)

Abrasion Tester

200.00

· Each additional 500 rubs       (Martindale)

50.00

17

Bursting strength

Bursting Strength Tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

18

Stiffness test

Stiffness Tester

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

19

Stretch & Recovery of Elastomeric fabric

Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

500.00

1-2 days

20

Stretch & Recovery of Elastic Strips

Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

500.00

1-2 days

21

Heat Ageing of Elastic tapes (up to 100 hrs)

 

 

 

·  Tensile strength

Oven,Tensile Tester

1 mtr X full width

1500.00

1-2 days

·  Water repellence

1 mtr X full width

1200.00

1-2 days

·  Appearance

1 mtr X full width

1500.00

1-2 days

·  Additional for 10 hrs and fraction thereafter

1 mtr X full width

100.00

1-2 days

22

Ageing due to washing (per wash)

Washing Machine

 

200.00

1-2 days

23

Type of weave / knitting

Magnifying Glass

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

24

Abrasion resistance (Flex / Flat / Edge)

Abrasion Tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

25

Abrasion resistance (Martindale)

upto 5000 rubs

Abrasion Tester

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

  • Each additional 5000 rubs or fraction  thereof - extra

250.00

26

Nature of yarn (Staple / Spun / Filament)

·  Staple / Spun / filament and composition thereof

Manual

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

·  Texturised / Non-Texturised and composition thereof

250.00

1-2 days

·  High tenacity

500.00

1-2 days

27

Composition (Count wise / Denier wise)

Electronic Balance

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

28

Melting point

Melting point Apparatus

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

29

Moisture content

IR oven/ Electronic Balance-

1 mtr X full width

150.00

1-2 days

30

Percentage crimp

Crimp Tester

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

31

Fabric defect analysis / bleached / dyed / printed

U.V lamp

1 mtr X full width

1000.00 +  applicable testing charges

2-4 days

Pick Glass

Densitometer

Projection Microscope

Tensile Tester

Auto Sorter

32

Opinion on Product description/Classification(+ test parameter as required)

Not applicable

Fabric/Garment/   Madeup/Yarn

1000.00+Extra charges for test parameter

2-3 days

33

Whiteness index – Instrumental

Colour Matching Spectrophotometer  /  Colour meter

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

34

No. of filament in yarn

Microscope

Yarn/Fabric

200.00

1-2 days

35

Drape test

Drape tester

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

36

Terry ratio (Pile ratio)

Balance

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

37

Ultra Violet Penetration Factor (UPF)

Ultra Violet Penetration tester

1 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

38

Bow and Skew in woven fabric & Knitted fabric

Measuring Scale

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

39

Data Colour system:

Colour difference

Colour Matching Spectrophotometer

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

Reflectance readings for calibration samples upto 8 level with spectral curve

400.00

Whiteness / Yellowness evaluation comparison between them

200.00

Visual assessment of colour difference

200.00

40

Heat Shrinkage

Oven

1 mtr X full width

500.00

1-2 days

41

Nature of fabric

 

Woven/Knitted

Visual

1/2 mtr X full width

100.00

1-2 days

Dyed/Bleached/Yarns of diferent colour/Printed

Visual/Chemical analysis

150.00

Piled/Flocked

Visual

100.00

Coated/Laminated/Impregnated

Visual

150.00

Upholstery

Visual

100.00

Lining/Interlining

Visual

100.00

Reinforce material

Visual

100.00

Warp/Weft Knitted

Visual

100.00

Embroidery visible to naked eye

Visual

100.00

Tufted/Non tufted

Visual

100.00

Cut Pile/Loop Pile/Other

Visual

100.00

 

2.  CHEMICAL PARAMETERS

FABRIC : Chemical Parameters

 

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)#    

 

1.  

Identification  of fibre

Microscope, Projection Microscope

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

 

2

 

Quantitative analysis inclusive of identification:

 

1-2 days

 

Two components

Electronic Balance

1 mtr X full width

350.00

 

Extra for each component

Electronic Balance

150.00

 

3

Scouring and bleaching

Electronic Balance, Soxhlet Apparatus

1 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

 
 

4

Residual Starch on bleached fabric

 

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

 

5

pH determination

pH meter

1/2 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

 

6

Removal of  non fibrous matter :

 

Oil, fats and waxes

IR Oven, Electronic Balance

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

 

Water soluble matter (Cold water /  Hot water)

300.00

 

7

Estimation of

 

Ash

Muffle Furnace, IR Oven', Electronic Balance

1/2 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

 

Total size

400.00

 

Finish

400.00

 

Fatty matter

400.00

 

Starch

350.00

 

8

Alkali content

By Titration

1/2 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

 

Alkali solubility

350.00

 

Acid content

350.00

 

9

Chlorine content

By Titration

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

10

Copper or Zinc content in rot proofed materials

Electronic Balance, Muffle Furnace

1 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

 

11

Test for mercerisation (Barium activity number)

By Titration

1 mtr X full width

400.00

1-2 days

 

12

Identification of dyes (per class)

Wet Analysis

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

 

13

Absorbency

 

 

Iodine absorption test

Wet Analysis

1 mtr X full width

 

1-2 days

 

of cotton fabrics

1 mtr X full width

300.00

 

of terry towel

One unit

300.00

 

14

Dimensional changes of woven or knitted fabrics

 

To washing

Washing Machine & Tumble Drier

1 mtr X full width

 

1-2 days

 

·           one wash

 

Measuring Scale

200.00

 

·           per additional wash

100.00

 

To relaxation

Measuring Scale, Washing Machine & Tumble Drier

 

1 mtr X full width

 

 

 

 

200.00

1-2 days

 

Industrial fabric at 90°

400.00

 

 Print durability after domestic laundering

 

 

·           one wash

200.00

 

·       per additional wash

100.00

 

Smoothness appearance

1 mtr X full width

200.00

 

15

Skewness after home laundering (spirality) in Knitted fabric

 

 

·           For single wash

Measuring Scale, Washing Machine & Tumble Drier

 

 1 mtr X full width

350.00

 

 

·           For each additional wash

 1 mtr X full width

100.00

 

 

16

Wettability

 

1 mtr X full width

150.00

1-2 days

 

17

Flammability test:

 

Inclined plane

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

600.00

1-2 days

 

Vertical plane

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

600.00

1-2 days

 

Upholstery & bedding items

 

 

·  Smoldering Cigarette

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

750.00

1-2 days

 

·    Small open flame

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

750.00

1-2 days

 

·  Wooden cribs

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

1500.00

1-2 days

 

·  Carpet

Flammability Tester

1 mtr X full width

3000.00

1-2 days

 

UV & water vapor

 

1 mtr X full width

35.00 /hr.

1-2 days

 

18

Colour fastness to:

 

Washing

 

·         Test  I

Launder-o-meter,   Wash wheel

1 mtr X full width

150.00

1-2 days

 

·         Test  II

150.00

 

·         Test  III

150.00

 

·         Test  IV

250.00

 

·         Test  V

500.00

 

Light

 

By ISO / IS method

Xeno Tester

1/2 mtr X full width

 

 

·         up to 3 BWS

350.00

1-2 days

 

·         above 3 to 4 BWS

750.00

3-4 days

 

·         above 4 to 5 BWS

1200.00

 

·         above 5 to 6 BWS

2500.00

4-5 days

 

·         above 6 BWS

3500.00

4-6 days

 

By AATCC Method

Xeno Tester

1/2 mtr X full width

 

 

 

·         10 AFU

350.00

1-2 days

 

·         20 AFU

700.00

3-4 days

 

·         40 AFU

1200.00

4-5 days

 

·         80 AFU

2500.00

4-6 days

 

 additional 10 AFU & fraction thereof

300.00

1-2 days

 

Bleaching

Wet Analysis

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Hot pressing Dry/wet/damp

Pressing Iron

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Rubbing (dry / wet)

Crock Meter

1 mtr X full width

150.00

1-2 days

 

Organic solvent

Flask Shaker

1 mtr X full width

250.00

1-2 days

 

Dry cleaning

Wash wheel

1 mtr X full width

350.00

1-2 days

 

Perspiration (acid & alkaline)

Perspirometer

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Water

 

·        By BS, ISO, IS method

Perspirometer, Acrylic plates

1 mtr X full width

200.00

1-2 days

 

·        By AATCC method

1 mtr X full width

300.00

 

Ozone

Ozone tester

1/4 mtr X full width

1000.00

6-7 hrs/cycles

 

Saliva

Acrylic Plates

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Sublimation

Oven

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Sea water

Perspirameter

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

Mercerisation

By Titiration

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

19

Cotton waste – White

HVI

1 mtr X full width

2150.00

1-2 days

 

20

Cotton waste – Grey

HVI

1 mtr X full width

1650.00

1-2 days

 

21

Wash care (includes CF to wash at 40°C, CF to dry cleaning, Shrinkage to wash, CF to hot press)

Washing Machine , Tumble Drier, Wash wheel

1 mtr X full width

1000.00

1-2 days

 

22

Soil release – oily stain release

Washing Machine & Tumble Drier

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

23

Wetting oil efficiency

Stop Watch

1 mtr X full width

300.00

1-2 days

 

24

Dyeability of grey fabric

Dyeing machine

1 mtr X full width

1000.00

1-2 days

 

3. ECO PARAMETERS

SR. NO.

TEST PARAMETER

INSTRUMENT

SAMPLE SIZE (Min)

* TEST CHARGES (Rs)

TURN AROUND TIME (ToT)# 

1.  

Identification and quantification of Banned amines (Azo free)

GC-MS

1 mtr X full width  or Full piece or 10 g (Dyes / Pigments)

2750.00

1-2 day

HPTLC

 

 HPLC/RRLC

 

2

Pesticides

GCMS/GC-ECD

250 g

3000.00

2-3 days

3

Penta Chloro Phenol (PCP)

HPLC/GC-ECD

1 mtr X full width 

1500.00

2-3 days

4

Formaldehyde

UV-VIS/spectrophotometer

1 mtr X full width  or Full piece or 10 g (Dyes / Pigments)

600.00

1-2 days

 

 

5

Traces of heavy metals

Ag, Cu, Cd, Co, Ni, Pb, Sb, Fe, Cr, Zn,

AAS

1 mtr X full width  or 1 full piece of garment or 10 g (Dyes / Pigments)

330.00 (per metal)

1-2 days

As, Hg.

550.00  (per metal)

3-4 days

6

Nickel release per day

AAS

 

330.00

1-2 days

7

Nickel release per week / Microgram/Cm2

AAS

 

500.00

7-8 days

8

Nickel Spot test

Visual using chemical

 

330.00

1-2 days

9

Presence of PVC – Bieltein’s test

 

 

250.00

1-2 days

10

Separation and identification of chemicals

GC-MS/HPTLC

10 g (Dyes / Pigments)

2000.00

1-2 days

11

Detection & estimation of effluent parameters

Water testing

pH

pH meter

2 litres.

200.00

1-2 days

Conductivity

Conductivity meter

200.00

1-2 days

Oxidisible matter

Classicial method

250.00

1-2 days

Residue on evaporation at 110 deg.

Oven

250.00

1-2 days

Dissolved Oxygen

By Titiration

250.00

1-2 days

Total suspended Solids

Electronic Balance

2 litres.

250.00

1-2 days

Total dissolved solid

Electronic Balance

200.00

1-2 days

BOD

BOD Monitor

250.00

3-5 days

COD

COD Monitor

250.00

1-2 days

Oil & Grease

IR Oven,Electronic Balance

250.00

1-2 days

Water Analysis

·         Colour

UV-Vis, Spectroquant or Classical method

2 litres.

100.00

1-2 days

·         Turbidity

200.00

·         Total hardness

350.00

·         Chloride

300.00

·         Sulphate

300.00

·         Phosphate

300.00

·         Nitrate

300.00

·         Nitrite

300.00

·         Ammonical nitrogen

300.00

·         Total nitrogen

300.00

·         Chlorine

300.00

·         Silica

UV-Vis, Spectroquant or Classical method

2 litres.

300.00

1-2 days

·         Iron

 

300.00

·         Manganese

 

300.00

12

Identification of Coatings/Finsh

FTIR

 

1000.00

2-3 days

 

* (Plus Service Tax as applicable) Conditions and testing service charges are Subject to Change without prior notice.

# Working day only, Reporting time may vary with number of samples/ parameters/technical complexities etc

Note:  The laboratories adopt standards of BIS, ASTM, AATCC, ISO, DIN, NFPA, UFAC, CAL TB, ENISO, etc., for testing of various textile items. Based on the need, many of the customer/buyers  standards are also adopted to test the textile articles. Acceptance of the sample is at the discretion of Laboratory.